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August 27, 1938


JAMA. 1938;111(9):848. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790350088013

In the selection of students for advanced work in college and for the professional schools, the record of previous scholastic aptitude as measured by "grades" is usually an important criterion. The proper interpretation and weight of high school and college grades have become an increasing concern of administrators in universities and professional schools. Hutchinson and Pugh1 studied the differences in marks assigned not only by different examiners but also by the same examiner in the same subject for the same students at different times. In other words, they examined the examiners, tabulating the marks obtained by a group of twenty-five students in a series of examinations in eight subjects over a period of a year. Grades were recorded according to the decimal system. All the grades in each subject were totaled both for class work and for individual examinations. These totals were then subjected to analysis in relation to

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