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September 17, 1938

The Relationship Between Characteristics of Personality and Physique in Adolescents

JAMA. 1938;111(12):1130. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790380072034

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Abstract

The author of this little monograph points out that since the time of Hippocrates there has been a series of attempts made to point out differences in personality in relation to actual physical structure. The purpose of the present study was to see whether any particular psychologic traits were associated with specific body build. The monograph begins with a summary of the literature on the subject, and the author draws the conclusion that the information is incomplete and the statistics are poorly collected, and he comes to the conclusion that most of the observers have found relationship of mind capacity to body structure but that their conclusions are drawn from insufficient data. The study reported in the present monograph comprised sixty-two cases classified as pyknosomes, leptosomes and atheletosomes. The cases were rated by at least four teachers for each student. A classification sheet was made listing the various traits emphasized

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