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The treatment of malignant diseases of the mouth requires very accurate application of radiation, especially when it is applied in the form of radium therapy. Without mastery of the necessary complicated technic its imperfect use has in the past resulted in definite damage to the bone. This type of injury may now be avoided by the use of protective shields. This monograph is offered by the author as the outcome of experience gained through three years of radium work at the Middlesex Hospital in London. The employment of vulcanite applicators is carefully described, and for physicians working in radium therapy it should prove exceedingly helpful. These applicators afford a means of applying radium to sites which were previously impossible to treat, for instance the neighborhood of the anterior pillar of the fauces. The method offers a great improvement in accuracy over previous technics, and better protection for the surrounding tissues
The Construction of Vulcanite Applicators for Applying Radium to Lesions of the Buccal Cavity, Lips, Orbit and Antrum. JAMA. 1938;111(21):1958. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790470070035