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The author states that his aim is to contribute in a broad sense to the education of the student and at the same time to attack specifically his voice problems in a basic, fundamental way. At the beginning he points out that "if the author has learned anything during the past ten years in regard to vocal training, it has been the necessity of discovering the cause of the vocal difficulty, whether it be in the thinking, the lack of emotional control, objectionable personality traits, or a defective vocal apparatus; and once the cause has been discovered, working specifically for the removal of that cause." His approach is both physiologic and psychologic, and he believes that any corrective program must take into consideration the entire personality of the individual: the physical condition of his vocal apparatus, its responsiveness to stimulation, and the interferences—including abnormal personality traits and bad vocal habits—which
Voice for Speech. JAMA. 1938;111(24):2237. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790500075028