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March 23, 1946


JAMA. 1946;130(12):788-789. doi:10.1001/jama.1946.02870120034010

A report1 recently released by the United States War and Navy departments on German research in aviation medicine concerns, among other subjects, pilot ejection, emergency procedures for escape from pressurized cabins at high altitudes, the effect of high wind velocities on the human head, thorax and abdomen, the liaison approach between aircrew and machine being operated to improve efficiency of operation and research and the development of the personnel parachute. The Germans have developed a parachute emergency oxygen apparatus which consists of a series of high pressure cylinders arranged in a circular manner to form a flat plate about an inch thick. The cylinders are connected to an outlet valve through a narrow tube, which is about 1 meter long and which acts as a metering orifice. The entire assembly is flat and fits into a pocket in both seat and backtype parachutes. During normal flight this emergency system

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