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The Floridas were ceded to the United States by Spain on Washington's birthday in 1819. Jacksonville, which was founded in 1822, was named in honor of General Andrew Jackson, a provisional governor of Florida. Duval County was created in 1822. In 1936 the author of this small book began the practice of medicine in Jacksonville. His interest in the medical history of Northeast Florida was aroused in part by the fact that his great grandfather practiced medicine in Jacksonville late in the nineteenth century; however, the first bona fide American physician to practice medicine for an extended period in Florida is said to have been James Hall, who went there about 1798 after having served in a New Hampshire regiment in the Revolutionary War. Dr. Hall's death, in 1837, left Duval County without medical attention for about a year; then Dr. Abel S. Baldwin began his long and distinguished career
A Century of Medicine in Jacksonville and Duval County. JAMA. 1950;142(4):294. doi:10.1001/jama.1950.02910220074034