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June 3, 1939

BURNS IN CHILDRENA METHOD OF TREATMENT AND ITS RATIONALE

Author Affiliations

SAN FRANCISCO

From the University of California Surgical Service at the San Francisco Hospital, Division of the San Francisco Department of Public Health, and from the Department of Surgery, University of California Medical School.

JAMA. 1939;112(22):2235-2240. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800220001001
Abstract

The knowledge gained from clinical and experimental observations during recent years has caused us to change our conception of the subject of burns. Not satisfied with all the aspects of existent therapy, we have adopted some and revised other features of prevalent methods in order to combat the manifold effects of an extensive burn. We have combined the tannic acid, silver nitrate and gentian violet methods of local treatment, because this combination complies with our understanding of the subject and, in our opinion, produces the best results in the many children treated for burns at the San Francisco city and county and the University of California hospitals.

Statistics reveal startling facts concerning burns in children. In the United States approximately 40 per cent of all deaths from burns occur in children under 15 years of age, and 75 per cent of these deaths occur in children under 5 years. Stoves,

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