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December 7, 1946

EFFECT OF SEASON AND DUST CONTROL ON COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS

Author Affiliations

San Francisco; Medical Corps, Army of the United States

From the Commission on Epidemiological Survey, Board for the Investigation of Epidemic Diseases, Preventive Medicine Service, Office of the Surgeon General. The special studies of coccidioidomycosis have been conducted in the Department of Preventive Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine. The first five months of the study were supported by a grant from the Rosenberg Foundation. This has been a collaborative study. Dr. Francis G. Blake, chairman of the commission and president of the board, and Brig. Gen. S. Bayne-Jones, deputy chief of preventive medicine service, provided invaluable aid and counsel. In the Army Air Forces Brig. Gen. Charles R. Glenn while surgeon of the West Coast Training Center and the Training Command and ultimately as deputy air surgeon initiated and maintained Air Force cooperation. This was carried through by the surgeons of the Flying Training Command, Col. Otis B. Schreuder and Col. Michael G. Healy, and the deputy surgeon, Col. Bloyce H. Britton, by Col. Russel V. Lee, chief of professional services at Santa Ana army air base, and by Lt. Col. Norman Nixon, coccidioidomycosis control office of the Western Flying Training Command, by surgeons of the Fourth Air Force, Col. Fabian Pratt and Col. J. R. Copenhaver, and the executive officer, Lt. Col. P. M. Pederson, and by the surgeons at the respective fields: Minter, Col. John Roberts, Col. A. L. Jennings, Lt. Col. E. C. Donohoe, Lt. Col. Benjamin Siebenthal, Lt. Col. Roger E. Weismann, Major Edward J. Hall and Major Maurice Foley; Gardner, Col. Robert R. Estill, Col. Albert Phillips and Major Robert G. McCurdy; Lemoore, Col. Edmund H. Padden, Col. D. D. Todorovic, Lt. Col. Harris D. Loe and Lt. Col. M. S. Wessell, and Merced, Col. M. U. Prescott, Col. Neill Johnson and Lt. Col. A. F. Dorner. The coccidioidomycosis control officers and chiefs of medicine contributed greatly to the study. Besides Major Homer G. Rosenberger, these Minter collaborators included Lt. Col. Russell W. Mapes, Lt. Col. Ian B. Hamilton, Major Maurice P. Foley and besides Capt. E. Gale Whiting at Lemoore, Lt. Col. J. Murray Kinsman and Lt. Col. Richard D. Evans. These collaborators at Gardner Field were Majors David H. Thurman and Clarence J. Keefe and at Merced, Majors Harvey A. Woods and Harry E. Thompson, Capt. David C. Whitehead. The roster of collaborating ward officers is too large to enumerate. Special mention should be given the hospital administrative officers who facilitated our work, particularly Chief Warrant Officer Melburn Biddulph at Minter. Key enlisted personnel who arranged for the scheduling and checking at tests included M/Sgt. Howard Sehlin at Minter, Pfc. (later Lieutenant) Wilbert M. Fitzpatrick and Sgt. C. O. Castledine at Gardner and Sgt. Robert A. Kunde at Merced. Many others assisted, including the various commandants, executive officers and Air Force commissioned and noncommissioned officer personnel. The post engineers, Major Daniel Eckerman of Minter, Capt. Clarence Church of Gardner and Capt. Robert H. Johnson of Lemoore, worked closely with us, as did Mr. H. J. Cremer and Major Howard B. Sprague, Army Air Force liaison officer, at the Ninth Service Command United States Army Engineers.

JAMA. 1946;132(14):833-838. doi:10.1001/jama.1946.02870490011003
Abstract

A complete description of the activities of the Commission on Epidemiological Survey of the Board for the Investigation of Epidemic Diseases, Preventive Medicine Service, will be presented in the Surgeon General's History of World War II. It may be mentioned here that a general consultative service was provided, together with standardized coccidioidin and facilities for serologic tests and Coccidioides identification. In conjunction with the Army Air Forces, a detailed epidemiologic investigation was carried out in four army air fields in the San Joaquin Valley, California (fig. 1). These investigations began in July 1941 at Minter and Gardner fields in Kern County, in February 1942 at Merced Army Air Field in Merced County and in March 1942 at Lemoore Army Air Field in Kings County. They continued until three of the fields closed, Gardner in March 1945, Lemoore in October 1945 and Minter in February 1946. On July 1, 1945, when

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