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November 19, 1932

The Third Pandemic of Plague in Egypt: Historical. Statistical and Epidemiological Remarks on the First Thirty-Two Years of Its Prevalence.

JAMA. 1932;99(21):1805. doi:10.1001/jama.1932.02740730069042

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In the foreword the author points out that the plague reappeared in Egypt thirty-two years ago, after an absence of half a century. The primary purpose of the present report is to review the history and causes of its disappearance and reintroduction. Chapter I gives a short historical survey of plague which points out the probable antiquity of the disease in Egypt, although the ancient records are obviously faulty. Satisfactory knowledge can be obtained from the sixth century, and since that time there have been three great pandemics: the "Plague of Justinian" 542 A. D., the second pandemic, which reached its zenith in the fourteenth century (the "black death") and the third pandemic, which probably spread from China toward the end of the nineteenth century and which is still continuing. Chapter II deals with the third pandemic, which was discovered in Alexandria in 1899. The author discusses in detail the

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