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Article
February 20, 1954

Community Health Action: A Study of Community Contrast

JAMA. 1954;154(8):724. doi:10.1001/jama.1954.02940420086030

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Abstract

"Together, the research and this report constitute a detailed review of community action in small American communities. Throughout the study, the accent has been on the community and its resources for citizen-action, rather than on health itself, either environmentally or institutionally. As a comparative study, it threw into relief certain contrasts among the areas studied. Not only were the individual patterns of community action deemed important, but, likewise, the contrasts in patterns."

The authors recognize that community action for the construction and operation of a hospital differs from community action for the development of a local health department or any of several other facilities that it is possible to develop by this means. They also recognize that, regardless of the project, there are certain similarities of pattern in the development of community organization toward a recognized end and of the "power patterns" in the community that determine the leadership channels

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