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March 29, 1947

The Nature and Conditions of Learning

JAMA. 1947;133(13):969. doi:10.1001/jama.1947.02880130069030

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This is a comprehensive textbook, written primarily for students of educational psychology. Learning is considered the "core of educational psychology." Laboratory studies are deemed the basic source of understanding of learning, and educational psychology must rely on such studies; classroom studies on learning are supplemental. The five major sections of the book consider the fundamental nature of learning, fundamental principles of learning, improvement, the learning curve and physical handicaps to learning, forms of learning and retention and transfer of learning. The author intentionally omits discussion of neurologic theories of learning and only most briefly outlines organic or bodily bases of learning, since he feels that the understanding of these is not the immediate concern of the teacher. Maturation, trial and error, repetition, motivation, conditioning and the principle of relationship and organization are the six fundamental principles of learning discussed. This is a carefully and clearly written book in which the

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