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April 17, 1954

From Fish to Philosopher

JAMA. 1954;154(16):1396. doi:10.1001/jama.1954.02940500076039

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In this volume, the author of such scholarly works as "Physiology of the Kidney" and "The Kidney: Structure and Function in Health and Disease" presents a popular account of the evolutionary history of the kidney in vertebrates. Stressing the importance of the kidney in maintaining the internal environment of the body by the processes of glomerular filtration and tubular absorption and excretion, Dr. Smith describes the various evolutionary modifications in the organ's structure that have permitted the progressive development of fresh-water, marine and land vertebrates. Consideration is also given to the evolutionary development of the nervous system, since it plays a vital role in the adaptation of the organism to its environment, which culminates in the development of the human cerebral cortex. This entertaining book is highly recommended.

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