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July 24, 1954


JAMA. 1954;155(13):1180. doi:10.1001/jama.1954.03690310058018

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Anatomopathological Aspects of Tuberculosis in Chile.  —At a meeting of the Pan-American Congress of Tuberculosis held in Caracas in December, 1953, Prof. H. Orrego and his co-workers reviewed 5,700 autopsies performed on patients dying of tuberculosis between 1936 and 1953. The nodulopulmonary type of tuberculosis is extremely rare in persons over 15 years of age. The period of hospitalization prior to death did not exceed three months in 52% of the adults and 80% of those dying with the nodulopulmonary form of tuberculosis. The authors conclude from this that the patients are hospitalized too late. The low proportion of pure caseous (3%) and caseocavernous types (12%) led the authors to conclude that Chile is coming out of the massive epidemic phase and that the Chilean population no longer presents the characteristics of a virgin race to tuberculous infection. In about 75% of the autopsies, a fibrous reaction was found, indicating

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