The conscientious, intelligent care of the athlete is one of the most vital responsibilities of those connected in an official capacity with the conduct of competitive sports. Competent coaching and medical supervision of all organized sports are recognized by most of the universities, colleges and professional organizations of the country as the most effective measures in the control of athletic injuries.
The gradual evolution of the unorganized, uncoached, unattended teams of the 1880's to the present well coached and medically supervised teams had its inception in 1890, when Harvard University appointed Dr. William M. Conant, as its athletic team physician to work in conjunction with the football coach. This development continued to increase through every decade, so that now there are few schools without the services of a physician.
Under the stress of intense competition and the desire to "win them all," coaches and athletic directors began to pay greater
BEARZY HJ. PHYSICAL MEDICINE IN THE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF ATHLETIC INJURIES. JAMA. 1947;135(10):613–616. doi:10.1001/jama.1947.02890100007002