No ophthalmologist who served in an active theater of operations during World War II can fail to have definite ideas about the management of intraocular foreign bodies, whatever may have been his experience with them before he went into service. Not many of these concepts are new. Most of them simply represent the mass confirmation of the validity of practices in rather general use before the war. This communication, therefore, is little more than a restatement of principles. These principles, however, are now confirmed by a total experience which, in respect to numbers of injuries and to their seriousness, has never been equaled in civilian life and which far surpassed the comparable experience of World War I.
The greatest difficulty in the removal of intraocular foreign bodies is one about which the ophthalmologist can do nothing, their essential constitution. Even to military ophthalmologists with their large firsthand experience the report
HAIK GM. INTRAOCULAR FOREIGN BODIESWartime Experiences Applied to a Peacetime Problem. JAMA. 1947;135(14):894–901. doi:10.1001/jama.1947.02890140014004