[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 54.204.139.136. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
November 13, 1954

PIGEON BREAST, FUNNEL CHEST, AND OTHER CONGENITAL DEFORMITIES OF THE CHEST

JAMA. 1954;156(11):1063-1067. doi:10.1001/jama.1954.02950110025009
Abstract

Congenital deformities of the anterior chest wall are among those conditions that, by definition, comprise the specialty of orthopedics. For many years they were neglected, but now physicians, particularly pediatricians, are becoming increasingly aware of the handicaps that they produce and are referring patients with these deformities for corrective surgery. In general, the deformities may be classified in two categories, the protrusion deformities and the depression deformities. These are the results of congenital or developmental abnormalities and are not related to acquired defects due to rickets or other diseases. They have a strong hereditary tendency, and both types of deformity may appear in the same family.

PROTRUSION DEFORMITIES  The protrusion deformities may be in the midline and involve the sternum (pectus carinatum); they may be lateral to the sternum and involve the costochondral junctions; or they may be in the costal arch. When the protrusion is in the midline the

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview
×