The diagnosis and classification of massive separation of the retina in infants and juveniles is a difficult clinical problem. The vitreal and postlental mass is usually considered to be of inflammatory or neoplastic origin. Depending on the considered etiological basis the condition is referred to as pseudoglioma, retinitis exudativa (Coats's disease) or malignant growth. When premature birth is part of a child's history, the retinopathy of prematurity (Terry's retrolental fibroplasia) is considered. In a study of the last-mentioned disease reported before the Section on Ophthalmology in 1949 examples were encountered of massive separation of the retina occurring in full term infants and juveniles.1 It is this material augmented by other examples in the collection of the Eye Pathology Laboratory which is used in this report to round out a study of infant and juvenile retinal disease.
The literature of ophthalmology is confusing on the subject of massive retinal separation. References
HEATH P. MASSIVE SEPARATION OF THE RETINA IN FULL TERM INFANTS AND JUVENILES. JAMA. 1950;144(14):1148-1154. doi:10.1001/jama.1950.02920140008002