February 7, 1948

Die Bedeutung der Seelenkunde von Klages für Biologie und Medizin

JAMA. 1948;136(6):430-431. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.02890230070030

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This brochure is in essence a review of the work of Ludwig Klages, a German psychologist and philosopher who lived most of his life in Switzerland. The author appears to be an all too enthusiastic pupil of a master whose merits are not beyond question. The author strongly believes that biology and medicine need philosophic guidance, and Klages' work should be considered as just that. In Europe Klages was mainly known through his book, "Handwriting and Character," a scientific graphology, probably one of the best ever written. Between 1929 and 1932, Klages published in three volumes "Reason (in German, Geist) the Enemy of the Soul." It created a storm in philosophic and medicopsychologic circles, was violently refused and violently applauded. Klages' doctrine is a mixture of psychology and philosophy. It is deeply influenced by the early Greek thinkers (before Plato) and the German romanticists. He uses their concept of a

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