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February 21, 1948


JAMA. 1948;136(8):563-564. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.02890250051016

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DISEASE IN THE NAVY DURING WORLD WAR II  In an address before the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, February 7, Rear Admiral C. A. Swanson, Surgeon General of the United States Navy, said that no devastating epidemics swept the service during the recent war and that the reduction in the noncombat death rate, as compared with World War I, effected a saving of more lives than the total number lost through enemy action. During the war the average strength of the Navy for the four years was in the neighborhood of two and one-half millions. There were only 8 cases of smallpox, 96 of typhoid and 4 of tetanus, with two deaths in persons whose records indicated that their immunization had been incomplete. Tetanus did not develop in any combat casualty. Six hundred and fifteen cases of the rickettsial group of diseases were reported, the

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