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Significant behavior disturbances in babies are relatively infrequent during the first year of life as compared with the second, mainly because there are relatively few occasions for conflict between mother and infant. On the other hand. anxiety and weeping spells are common in the mother at the start. In our civilization, she may take her first baby home without any previous experience to accustom and reassure her. Prenatal classes are of some value but do not take the place of that everyday familiarity with the live baby which is the lot of young women in cultures more primitive and communal than ours.
A number of pediatricians; psychiatrists and obstetricians have recently become interested in the possibility of making the lying-in period more natural and reassuring. They have felt that the usual practice of relegating babies to a nursery, from which they are brought to their mothers only at intervals, and
SPOCK B. COMMON BEHAVIOR DISTURBANCES IN THE FIRST TWO YEARS OF LIFE. JAMA. 1948;136(12):811–813. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.02890290001001