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The third portion of the book carries the story of magic to modern times. Separation of the favorable events of magic as a part of religion and hostile or destructive forces as evils, witches or devils were a refinement and extension of primitive man's beliefs. Following these ideas early scientific experimenters were considered to be dealers in black magic and evil men. Bubonic plague of the fourteenth century was blamed on demons, the stars, corruption of morals and other aspects of black magic. There spread through Europe mass psychosis that consisted of flagellation, St. Vitus dance and other forms, but, thanks to the stern measures of the church, it was finally eradicated. Later the rise of spiritism and finally the awakening of the scientific method led to decreased emphasis on magic. Psychotherapy through suggestions that heal is given in historical perspective. Mass psychology for the relief of natural pent-up individual
In times this gave rise to a series of amulets, symbols and signs; especially favored were those signs inscribed on scarab. JAMA. 1948;136(13):906. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.02890300056030