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MODIFICATION OF THE MUNSON SHOE LAST
The Army's service and combat footwear has been made over the Munson last since 1912. Brig. Gen. Edward L. Munson, of the Army Medical Corps, then a lieutenant colonel, designed the last after the most comprehensive study of the human foot in relation to military footwear ever undertaken by the Army up to that time. The Munson last served American soldiers in two great wars and at the time of its development was the most scientific approach ever made to properly fitting the soldier's foot. However, World War II demonstrated that the shoes and boots fitted too closely over the little toe area and wore out too quickly because of the excessive roundness of the bottom forepart of the last. To overcome these deficiencies, the last has now been modified to allow 1/8 inch (0.3 cm.) more room in the forepart of
GOVERNMENT SERVICES. JAMA. 1948;136(14):938-939. doi:10.1001/jama.1948.02890310030013