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February 19, 1955

Psychotherapy and Personality Change; Co-Ordinated Research Studies in the Client-Centered Approach

JAMA. 1955;157(8):690. doi:10.1001/jama.1955.02950250064032

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The 12 contributors to this book practice a type of treatment that consists of saying nothing to a patient, or at most repeating what he says, acting warmly the while. They are properly concerned with showing that such treatment has some effect. To that end they use many currently popular personality tests as well as some they have devised. Chief among the latter is the Q-technique, a sorting of cards that say, e. g., "It is difficult to control my aggression," or "I feel emotionally mature." They give these tests repeatedly to their patients and to a set of controls. Significant changes in the patients are found after treatment, and these are correlated with the personal impressions of the therapists, who check their own evaluations by pretending to be the patients and casting the Q-cards empathically. Doubtless many will take heart at such results. They will feel that if such

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