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October 12, 1940

Artificial Limbs and Their Relation to Amputations

JAMA. 1940;115(15):1302. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810410068041

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The large number of casualties in the war of 1914-1918 provided an important proving ground for the development of artificial limbs. This experience was utilized by the British Ministry of Pensions to develop acceptable standards of appliances to meet the needs of amputees. The result of this work has been crystallized into the present small volume, which briefly yet completely describes ideal sites and methods of amputation, types of artificial limbs and appliances, and methods of fitting. The publication is particularly timely because of the present war and provides a basis for the management of similar problems that are sure to arise among the new amputees. The reviewer's experience has been confined for the most part to the problems of civilian amputees, but their problems and those of the war disabled are not dissimilar. However, the use of temporary prostheses such as plaster pylons has not been considered necessary in

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