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December 14, 1940

CLOSED METHOD OF TREATING COMPOUND FRACTURES

JAMA. 1940;115(24):2103. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810500071030

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Abstract

To the Editor:—  Dr. Albert De Groat suggests in a communication published in The Journal, Nov. 23, 1940, apropos of the editorial (The Jouurnal, September 21, p. 1022) under the heading "Closed Method of Treating Compound Fractures and Infected Wounds," that the credit for the method belongs to Ollier of Lyons and should be referred to as "Ollier's method." The originator of the method was not Ollier but Alphonse Guérin. He invented in the pre-Lister era the method of packing the wound thoroughly with cotton and bandaging it in a circular fashion sufficiently tight so as practically to accomplish immobilization. These bandages were left undisturbed for from twenty to twenty-five days. Guérin practiced this method on a wide scale at the Hôpital Saint Louis and accomplished a rate of recoveries truly miraculous for that period. Ollier introduced important modifications into the method of Guérin. Thus he sutured the stump after

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