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In the preface and in chapter one, the author points out that the establishment about 100 years ago of a female medical college was part of a public agitation for woman's rights, which had been going on in the United States since 1836. By 1848, the number of agitators had increased to such an extent that a national convention was held, at which the right of women to enter the profession of medicine was advocated. Other liberalizing movements got under way about this time. The first homeopathic medical college was founded in the United States in 1836. Thomsonianism, a cult of botanic medicine, which had been rampant since the early 1820's, disintegrated in 1843, and from its remnants arose electicism, another cult, the keystone of which was the administration of only one drug at a time. The vagaries of mesmerism, phrenology, spiritualism, and animal magnetism tried to attach themselves to
History of the New England Female Medical College. JAMA. 1951;146(7):686-687. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670070078035