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July 7, 1951

General Psychotherapy: Dynamics and Procedures.

JAMA. 1951;146(10):974. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670100094036

The author has had extensive experience in treating patients, as well as in teaching students in psychotherapeutic technics. The book is an outstanding example of organization and systematic presentation of a subject that is generally difficult to reduce to a workable classification. The author's viewpoint is not primarily that of the orthodox ego-psychiatrist, but is highly colored by a mechanistic behavioristic point of view with emphasis on conditioning as a most potent factor in determination of human reactions.

The author starts with five basic premises regarding human behavior. These are as follows: (1) that the organism seeks a point of equilibrium between itself and its environment (homeostasis); (2) that the person is incomplete and must therefore seek completion in relation with others; (3) that the organism responds as a whole to any stimulus no matter where applied; (4) that concepts of causality or event sequences must be broadened in order

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