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—When Syria and Iraq were part of the Turkish empire, many of the inhabitants of these provinces were treated for schistosomiasis in the government and municipal hospitals. The disease is rare in the present boundaries of Turkey. Isolated cases of schistosomiasis are occasionally seen in Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir hospitals, but the disease has invariably been contracted in Syria, Iraq, or Saudi Arabia. In August, 1950, the Ministry of Health and Social Assistance appointed parasitologist and entomologist Dr. Mahmut Sabit Akalin, director of the School of Hygiene, Dr. Kemal Alpay, director of malaria control work of the Mardin region, and Dr. V. M. Yavuz Engin, of the Refik Saydam Institute of Hygiene, to make inquiries concerning schistosomiasis in the southern provinces of Mardin and Urfa, which border on Syria and Iraq. After conferring at the border with Dr. Rushdi Tarazi, director general of hygiene for Syria, and Dr.
TURKEY. JAMA. 1951;146(12):1149–1150. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670120059022