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November 17, 1951

ITALY

JAMA. 1951;147(12):1160. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670290068025

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Abstract

Convention of Legal Medicine.  —The eleventh National Convention of Legal and Insurance Medicine was held in Taormina under the chairmanship of Professor Nicoletti, director of the Institute for Legal Medicine of the University of Catania. All the Italian schools of legal medicine and the important insurance companies were represented. The first report, by Professor Adamo of the University of Siena, concerned pathology related to low temperature in legal and insurance medicine. He discussed the biological mechanisms through which low temperatures impair cells, organs, and the entire organism, presenting evidence that these are not direct effects of the low temperatures but arise indirectly from circulatory disturbances.Reactions to the freezing stimulus are variable, because defense reactions against temperature variations occur largely under the control of the autonomic nervous system, the tonus of which varies from person to person and from moment to moment. Some persons endure without impairment excessively low environmental

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