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One of the brightest chapters in the history of medicine is the contribution made by the medical profession in Yugoslavia. Faced by shortages of personnel, supplies, and beds, and against superhuman obstacles, they have shown a devotion to duty, a technical competence, and a professional loyalty that symbolize the epic character of the ideal physician.
As a result of the war, one of the primary problems facing the country and the medical profession was the great shortage of doctors—1,500 physicians were lost in the war, leaving only 6,000 to carry the burden of medical care for 16 million people. Half of the remaining doctors are 50 years of age or older. Many of them divided their time between military duties and civilian care. To the load they were already bearing was added the burden of illness and disability that resulted from the war.
Furthermore, the rapid industrialization program was producing
Kessler HH. MEDICINE IN YUGOSLAVIA. JAMA. 1951;147(16):1564–1567. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.73670330011013