• Surgeons and anesthesiologists must work together in the operative care of the patient; the abundance of new apparatus, materials, and methods that have become available to them in recent years can be fully utilized only by combining their individual resources. Increased knowledge of physiology and pharmacology has brought increased opportunities and responsibilities; these demand an extent of knowledge that can hardly be supplied by one person. Surgeon and anesthesiologist should consult preoperatively; they should exchange information as to the type of operation planned and the kind of anesthesia to be used. During the operation there must be not only a predetermined division of responsibilities but also an exchange of information as to the condition of the patient and the progress of the surgery. The danger of such complications as shock and cardiac arrest can be reduced by attention to the position of the patient, to pulse and blood pressure, to the sometimes inevitable changes in the surgeon's plans, and to the orders for postoperative care.
Cole WH, Sadove M. THE NEED FOR COMPLETE COOPERATION BETWEEN SURGEON AND ANESTHESIOLOGIST. JAMA. 1956;162(5):437-441. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970220001001