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Article
November 3, 1956

Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy: Developments in Theory, Technique, and Training

JAMA. 1956;162(10):1017. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970270077031
Abstract

In this book the author comprehensively presents the developments of the past 20 years in the theory and technique of psychoanalysis. His purpose is to clarify prevailing views and practices and to call attention to the discrepancies existing between our theoretical model of procedure and what actually takes place in treatment. Of special interest are his views in regard to the application of psychoanalytic theory to those forms of psychotherapy that differ from traditional analysis. The author first discusses the impact that he believes psychoanalysis has made on Western culture. He then traces, in a remarkably concise manner, the development of psychoanalytic theory from its inception to the present. He reviews those aspects of theory that have enjoyed general acceptance and then traces early modifications of theory as they oscillated between an over-emphasis on one of two basic therapeutic factors: psychoanalysis as primarily a cognitive process (ego-analysis) and psychoanalysis as

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