December 29, 1956

Venous Return

JAMA. 1956;162(18):1670. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970350086032

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This is an excellent presentation of a difficult and sometimes controversial subject. It is clear, readable, and thorough. It was not within the scope of this short monograph to survey the entire field of venous physiology. Instead, the author has confined himself in the main to analysis of the several major mechanisms that determine venous return to the heart. Much of the information presented is recent, some of it previously unpublished and derived from the author's experiments that used high-fidelity methods of measuring venous flow. There is an historical review, two chapters on basic venous hemodynamics, and a review of various methods, old and new, of measuring blood flow. Through the use of profuse illustrations of good quality, and of a concise text, the present status of the roles of ventricular ejection, the respiratory pump, systolic ventricular attraction, the muscle pump, venomotor activity, and diastolic ventricular suction in return of

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