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Article
June 16, 1956

IMPORTANCE OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE

Author Affiliations

Pittsburgh

Pathologist (Dr. Gross), Research Director (Dr. Schrenk), and Managing Director (Dr. Walmer), Industrial Hygiene Foundation of America, Mellon Institute.

JAMA. 1956;161(7):569-573. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970070001001
Abstract

• The biological laboratory is a valuable partner of the practitioner of medicine. A myriad of new chemicals are becoming part of our everyday life. The intoxications to which they can give rise appear in both industrial and general practice.

The most commonly used toxic substances can be classed as metals, halogenated hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, gases, dusts, insecticides, and radioactive materials. A tabulation shows in detail how the appropriate biological tests help the physician to establish a diagnosis and to eliminate the cause.

The biological laboratory, in addition, carries out necessary research on the acute, subacute, and chronic effects of exposure to unfamiliar chemicals. Examples are given to illustrate the often unexpected phenomena encountered, such as the influence of particle size on the toxicity of various substances.

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