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Since the Ciba Foundation was established in London in 1947 as an international educational and scientific center, it has arranged conferences and symposiums and arranged for publication of the proceedings. In this 32nd book of the series, 17 eminent scientists give their ideas on such topics as the structure of viruses revealed by the electron microscope, the chemistry of viral mutants, ribonucleic acid in influenza virus, multiplication of animal and plant viruses, morphologic aspects of viral infections of cells revealed by fluorescent antibodies, the size and distribution of specific antigens in virus-infected tissues and their significance, and the interaction of phages with bacterial cell walls. The papers and discussions show that a long road has been traveled from the point of departure—the mysterious filterable infective particle— to a typical virus particle envisioned as a structure made up of nucleic acid carrying genetic material and a coating of proteins with enzymes
Ciba Foundation Symposium on the Nature of Viruses. JAMA. 1957;164(18):2098. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02980180100026