This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
I say therefore that according to the opinion of the authorities the cause from which a stone arises in the bladder is a thick and viscous humor. And the indications by which it is manifested are many. For among these there is the fact that the urine issues from the bladder white and thin with sandy excrement, and with difficulty and severe pain in the pubic region; and a boy holds his yard with his hands and rubs it and works with it and often the yard is erect and the anus protrudes; and in drawing the hand over the bladder it feels hard.—The Surgery of Theodoric, vol. 2, books 3 and 4, translated by E. Campbell, M.D., and J. Colton, M.A., New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., 1960, pp. 119-120.
BLADDER AND KIDNEYS. JAMA. 1960;172(13):1394. doi:10.1001/jama.1960.03020130052017