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July 30, 1960


Author Affiliations


Chairman, Department of Physiology, University of Minnesota Medical School.

JAMA. 1960;173(13):1425-1429. doi:10.1001/jama.1960.03020310013005

When one proposes to speak about "University Graduate Study" one has the obligation to define one's terms. Probably no two experts in the field have precisely the same constellation of qualifications in mind when they use such terms. The least I can do is to give my own definition, and I can hope that it will not deviate too far from a generally acceptable one. To my way of thinking, graduate study has only one generally unique quality, namely, that it is aimed at preparation for creative scholarship rather than simply for vocational or professional application of knowledge. In this statement I distinguish sharply between postgraduate study, which is usually aimed at increased proficiency in applying knowledge, and graduate study, which aims at increasing knowledge. The aims rather than the methods represent the first difference, but the methods also become different when sound preparation for creative scholarship is projected and

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