The chemical, biological, and radiological weapons of modern warfare are usually discussed together because they are "area weapons" capable of producing mass casualties, and because they may be considered, all or in part, medical weapons. Much progress has been made in perfecting physical protection against these weapons, but medical protection is much more important if it can be achieved. The problems of medical protection against biological weapons are not nearly as great as those of protection against chemical and radiological weapons, but progress is being made. To accelerate this progress, physicians of this country must participate actively in the research program because of the medical nature of the weapons and the importance of medical protection against them.
McNinch JH. A Look at the Future. JAMA. 1961;175(1):12-14. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.03040010014004