The editorial "Via Padua" (The Journal, March 26, 1960) appeared a lure for the historically minded. Indubitably "Padua claims the lion's share of medieval and Renaissance heritage, particularly in the evolution of medicine and anatomy."
It was at the University of Padua, as Professor Primarius in Medicine, that Bernardini Ramazzini ended a fruitful career. He wrote the first comprehensive textbook on occupational disease and thereby qualifies as the "Father of Industrial Medicine."
Originally practicing in Modena, Ramazzini made a reputation through his controversies and correspondence with other physicians on exceptional cases which came to his attention. A dissertation on an epidemic of tertian malaria in 1690, dedicated to a Florentine librarian, Magliabecchi, appears to have been the basis for Ramazzini's election in 1691 to the Viennese Academy of the Curiosi Naturae and investment with the title of "Hippocrates III" (the Curiosi named and numbered their members on admission to membership).
McGee LC. ADDENDUM TO "VIA PADUA". JAMA. 1961;175(1):44-45. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.03040010046014