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March 25, 1961


JAMA. 1961;175(12):1099-1100. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.03040120061016

A description by Bonner of 100 years of medical events in the state of Kansas was published by the University of Kansas Press in 1959, the year of the centennial of the state medical society.1 The physicians who came to Kansas in the mid-19th century found it a battleground in the literal sense. By 1857 it was the hottest political spot in America, due in large part to the slavery-abolition conflict.2 So violent were the struggles, that it was called "Bleeding Kansas." The proslavery settlers elected a convention whose main purpose was the preparation of a constitution in anticipation of admission of the state to the Union. This initial attempt failed. Three physicians were delegates in the second attempt to draft a constitution. Slavery was condemned in the platform of this convention. John Brown, who visited Kansas in his campaign of abolition, participated in the massacre of five

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