PRIOR to 1950, when the treatment primarily was prolonged bed rest in hospitals until maximum improvement had been attained, tuberculosis caused a great loss of man power in the United States Army. Practically all victims of the disease then were permanently separated from the service or retired. Since the early 1950's, concomitant with the development of chemotherapeutic agents, and resectional surgery when indicated, a monumental advance has been made. At a meeting of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, Wier, Dunnington, and Tempel1 reviewed the progress of the tuberculosis program at the Army's Fitzsimons General Hospital in Denver.
A policy of placing tuberculosis patients on the temporary disability-retired list or returning them to duty within 5 years, if relapse did not occur, became effective in October, 1949. Of 3,059 cases of all types of tuberculosis treated and evaluated during the years 1950 to 1958, the Army
PROGRESS IN THE ARMY'S TUBERCULOSIS PROGRAM. JAMA. 1961;176(3):220. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.03040160040009