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September 9, 1961

Basic Contributions to Medicine By Research in Neurology

Author Affiliations

New York City

Professor of Neurology, Vice President in Charge of Medical Affairs, and Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Columbia University; Director of the Service of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Presbyterian Hospital.

JAMA. 1961;177(10):692-694. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.73040360001005

INCREASES in our knowledge of the function and pathophysiology of an organ as complex as the brain are slow because of its complexity and because the approach to it is an indirect one. In fact, any significant advance in our knowledge is recognized by the award of the Nobel prize.

It is the purpose of this presentation to outline the advances which have been made in recent years with particular emphasis on those discoveries which have application to clinical practice.

Anatomy and Physiology  Since the time of the reports of Fritsch and Hitzig, attention has been directed to studies which serve to elucidate the function and interaction of various portions of the brain. These studies were, in the initial phases, based on ablation experiments in animals and the results of disease and trauma in man. Significant advances have been made in recent years by application to animal and man

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