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—In 1962, social security problems have somewhat unexpectedly come to the fore in the Soviet Union. There were 22 million pensioners in the USSR on Jan 1, 1961, of whom 20 million were receiving state pensions and 2 million, kolkhoz (collective farm) pensions. Social security in the USSR does not cover kolkhoz workers, and the amount of compensation paid to a claimant depends entirely on the decision of the kolkhoz management. The number of recipients of old-age, invalid, long-service, special, and certain other pensions is calculated at 13,100,000. Moreover, according to the census of Jan 15, 1959, the number of persons eligible for pensions is 25,500,000, after various issues of social security. The demand for homes for invalids and the aged is far from being satisfied, and there is a long waiting list of persons who wish to enter such institutions. According to official calculations, the 700 such
USSR. JAMA. 1963;183(3):220. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.03700030096023