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Article
July 24, 1967

Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

Author Affiliations

From the Research Division, Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

JAMA. 1967;201(4):257-259. doi:10.1001/jama.1967.03130040053014
Abstract

Yesterday.—  Many of us are old enough to remember when the doctor was bearded, kindly, unworldly, and brought comfort to mankind. He helped us into life with a resounding spank and out of trouble later with a squeeze of the hand. His was the day when going to bed cured about half of our diseases and getting up the other half! We did not question his authority, his wisdom, or his economics. He prevented some disease, he healed some patients, he brought much happiness, and he was personally a relatively free man.He left us a professional heritage that (1) made and maintained its own standards of performance; (2) used its own judgment in the control of disease; (3) except for the Immigration Service, Pure Food Laws, interstate water control, and vaccinations, had heard nothing of Washington, the Establishment, or the Public Health Service; (4) financed itself chiefly on a

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