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Article
October 16, 1967

JOHANN PETER FRANK (1745-1821) PUBLIC HEALTH BY DECREE

JAMA. 1967;202(3):228-229. doi:10.1001/jama.1967.03130160102027
Abstract

Johann Peter Frank, considered by many to be the founder of modern public health, was born in Rotalben near Zweibrücken into a large family of German and French descent (see cover).1 His professional life was spent in writing, teaching, and practice in this order of preference; meanwhile, his influence spread among several university centers in Europe. While his father wished him to follow a trade, his mother hoped that his life would be spent in the Roman Catholic Church and directed his elementary education to the latter goal. He studied first at the Piarist Latin School in Rastadt and later at the Jesuit School in Bockenheim, Lorraine. Johann was industrious but not brilliant, and, as a child endowed with a soprano voice, a love for music was encouraged. He was denied a robust constitution; his frailty was aggravated by quartan fever as a boy and gouty arthritis in later

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