The relation of hopelessness to levels of depression and suicidal intent was explored both psychometrically and clinically. The results of an investigation of 384 suicide attempters support previous reports that hopelessness is the key variable linking depression to suicidal behavior. This finding has direct implications for the therapy of suicidal individuals. By focusing on reducing the sources of a patient's hopelessness, the professional may be able to alleviate suicidal crises more effectively than in the past.
(JAMA 234:1146-1149, 1975)
Beck AT, Kovacs M, Weissman A. Hopelessness and Suicidal BehaviorAn Overview. JAMA. 1975;234(11):1146–1149. doi:10.1001/jama.1975.03260240050026