The long scarf syndrome refers to the entanglement of the scarf's free floating end into moving machinery. The death rate in 11 cases was an astonishingly high 45%. Prevention is simple and consists merely of removing or covering the scarf when worn near moving machinery.
Habal MB, Meguid MM, Murray JE. The Long Scarf Syndrome—a Potentially Fatal and Preventable HazardReport of 11 Cases. JAMA. 1972;221(11):1269–1270. doi:10.1001/jama.1972.03200240045015