An examination of institutionalization patterns of 121 civilly committed addicts over a period of 58 to 80 months (approximately 5 to 6 1/2 years) shows that while some succeed in supervised outpatient status, most do not, and those who do not will probably spend a majority of their commitment within the institution during repeated readmissions. We are left with the question whether the limited success of the program justifies such long periods of incarceration.
Kramer JC, Bass RA. Institutionalization Patterns Among Civilly Committed Addicts. JAMA. 1969;208(12):2297-2301. doi:10.1001/jama.1969.03160120021005