March 5, 1973

Hospital Teaching Conferences on Home Television

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Medicine, Georgetown University School of Medicine (Dr. Stapleton), and the Center for Educational Technology, Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, and the Division of Engineering, Health, and Public Service, Northern Virginia Community College, Bailey's Crossroads (Dr. Paullin).

JAMA. 1973;223(10):1131-1137. doi:10.1001/jama.1973.03220100031007

Medical educational television commenced in 1947 at Johns Hopkins Hospital1 and the Cleveland Clinic2 with close-up demonstrations of surgical operations. Since that beginning, medical educators have adapted television to many different purposes. The medium has been used for lectures, panel discussions, case presentation, magnified demonstrations of surgical, dental, and endoscopic techniques, for psychiatric teaching and therapy, and for many basic science laboratory procedures.3-7 Physicians and students have viewed televised teaching exercises in hospitals, schools, conventions, and at home in black and white or in color and with one-way or two-way sound communication.8-16

Many continuing educational programs for practicing physicians have utilized television, transmitting programs by closed circuit to hospitals or by open circuit to homes. This report concerns the latter type of televised education, the transmission of programs directly into the physician's home.

It is the purpose of continuing medical education to increase knowledge and thereby