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October 11, 1976

Congenital Malformations of the Heart: Embryology, Anatomy, and Operative Considerations

Author Affiliations

University Hospitals of Cleveland Cleveland

JAMA. 1976;236(15):1752. doi:10.1001/jama.1976.03270160068043

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


Drs Goor and Lillehei worked for many years on this project in a field that is constantly changing and advancing. The book took much more than a decade to write.

There are three main divisions: cardiac embryology, cardiac anatomy, and the use of this knowledge in modern cardiac surgery. The results will be useful to cardiologists interested in congenital heart disease as well as pathologists and, of course, cardiac surgeons. The strongest section concerns cardiac anatomy, presented in detail greater than is available anywhere else. This is the anatomy of the living heart. The embryology section is less consistent, with fine detail in some areas and paucity in others. For example, discussions of the development of the ventricular septus, the infundibulum, and the conotruncus are lengthy, detailed, and sophisticated. The authors clearly have a great interest in this area. But, description of the development of the left atrium and pulmonary